Food Waste Recycling
Hotels, restaurants, grocery stores, food courts, food manufacturers/processors
and hospitals meeting specific size criteria are required to recycle
This section provides useful information to help these organizations
meet their recycling requirements.
For businesses that generate large volumes of food waste, recycling
works. Hard Rock Cafe. Foodland. Sheraton Hotels. Hilton
Hawaiian Village. Theyre just a few of the corporations that
have discovered the advantages of food waste recycling. Large companies
that generate large volumes of food waste have been able to derive
economic benefit from recycling. Although they incur an additional
cost to separately collect the food waste, that cost is counter-balanced
by a reduction in their waste disposal costs. When large volumes of
food waste are removed from the business' general waste, there is an
opportunity to reduce disposal costs by reducing the number of dumpsters
and/or the pickup frequency. This also reduces weight, which is another
measure by which businesses are charged for waste disposal.
Its Good for the Environment
Recycling and composting will reduce the amount of waste going to
City disposal sites. Existing landfills will last longer. Expensive
expansions to H-POWER may not be needed. And separate collection of
food waste for recycling may make the environment immediately surrounding
your facility neater, cleaner and fresher-smelling.
It's the Law
Effective January 1, 1997, City Ordinance 96-20 requires large hotels,
restaurants, grocery stores, hospitals, food courts and food manufacturers
and processors to recycle food waste.
What You Can Recycle
- Starches (including bread, dough, noodles and rice)
- Dairy & Bakery Wastes
- Egg Shells
- Cooking Oil
- Vegetable and Fruit Wastes (including pineapple tops and "boats,"
watermelon rinds, onions and potatoes)
- Juice and Beverages
- Full Milk Cartons
- Coffee Grounds
- Tea Bags
- Meat and Fish Waste (including inedible meat scraps, bones, poultry,
crab and clam shells)
- Deli Waste
- Starches (noodles, rice)
What You Can't Recycle (as Food Waste)
- Plastic Bag Liners
- Tree and Grass Clippings
Assess Your Recycling Potential
A waste audit is the first step in setting up your waste reduction
and recycling program. It tells you what types of waste you generate
and in what quantities, allowing you to target specific materials for
recycling and waste reduction.
Conduct a walk-through investigation of your facility's waste receptacles.
Look into work area trash cans and into the facility's central dumpsters.
The amount of food waste generated by your business will be determined
by your type of business, number of customers, number of employees
and existing resource-efficient operating practices. Studies conducted
by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on waste composition by
generator type provide the following food waste estimates:
Food Waste Generation (Percent of Total Waste)
- Restaurants: 40%
- Hotels: 20%
- Food Stores: 18%
- Hospitals: 8-18%
How to Recycle
Determine what types of food waste your recycling program should
Your business should recycle all types of food waste if the City's
food waste recycling ordinance affects you. If this is a voluntary
effort, your choices of what portion of your food waste to recycle
may depend upon your company's commitment to community service, economic
benefit and availability of recycling service.
You can contract directly with the recyclers or food waste collectors. Most recyclers, such as pig farmers, as well as the collectors, will charge a fee for the collection service. The Hawaii Food Bank and Aloha Harvest will pick up quality leftover food at no charge.
Food Waste Recyclers
Hawaii Food Bank
Meat, Seafood, Cooking Oil
Pacific Pure Technologies
Produce and Food Scraps
For collector and pig farmer information contact:
University of Hawaii, Swine Extension Specialist (956-7594)
City & County of Honolulu, Recycling Specialist (768-3426)
Providing this information does not constitute endorsement of these businesses. Also, this information may not be all inclusive. Companies offering services may contact the City Recycling Office to be listed.