Implementation and Enforcement
Recycling of targeted materials is required by law for most
businesses and government agencies. The City encourages
recycling of as many
materials as you can, but requires that certain materials be
recycled or composted and thereby diverted from City disposal
commercial sector has the greatest potential to significantly increase
recycling on Oahu. Businesses that generate large volumes of recyclable
materials may also have an opportunity to reduce waste disposal
costs when recycling is integrated into their waste management system.
Restaurants, bars, hotels, office buildings, shopping centers,
retail stores, grocery stores, hospitals, food courts, food manufacturers
and processors, golf courses, parks, tree trimmers, auto shops,
Almost every large business on Oahu is affected, either directly
or indirectly, by the Citys recycling requirement. Some
of the requirements specifically identify the types of businesses
that are required to set up recycling systems for targeted materials.
Bars and restaurants are required to recycle glass containers;
office buildings (including government offices) are required to
recycle paper; and businesses that generate large amounts of food
waste, including hotels, restaurants, manufacturers and hospitals,
are required to recycle that waste.
Other business are affected indirectly by the bans and restrictions of materials at City disposal sites. Although refuse haulers are
responsible for recycling/disposal compliance, the businesses
that generate the waste need to insure that their refuse is within
allowable disposal limits. Large generators of cardboard, including
retail operations, shopping centers, grocery stores and hospitals,
are affected by the restriction on cardboard; and large generators
of green waste, including golf courses, hotels, condominiums and
parks, are affected by the restriction on green waste.
Implementation and Enforcement
Disposal bans and restrictions on high volume recyclable materials,
including green waste, cardboard, tires, auto batteries, white
goods and scrap metals, are enforced at the City's disposal
Inspectors monitor trucks unloading at the landfill, H-POWER
and transfer stations. By visual assessment, an inspector determines
if a truckload is over the limit on restricted materials or contains
any amount of banned materials. The offending vehicle can be denied
access to City disposal facilities for up to two weeks per violation.
The Chief of the Refuse Division will determine the penalty and
duration. The company, not the individual truck driver, is responsible
for compliance of all trucks affiliated with the company.
Mandatory recycling affecting specific types of businesses (e.g.,
glass recycling for bars and restaurants, paper recycling for
office buildings, food waste recycling for hotels, grocery stores,
food manufacturers/processors, food courts and hospitals)
is enforced at the point of generation. The City conducts annual
site inspections of businesses that are required to recycle. If
a business is not in compliance with the City's mandatory recycling
ordinances, a Recycling Specialist will work with management to
set up a recycling program or improve/correct a failing system.
The law also allows for the requirements to be suspended for
any business if the cost to collect and recycle is more than the
cost to collect and dispose of the targeted materials. Requests
to suspend the requirements for a business should be directed
to the Citys Recycling Office. Each case will be evaluated
individually. City Recycling Specialists will meet with the business,
assess the problems specific to that site and work with the business
to set up recycling operations. Through this evaluation and assistance
process the Citys Specialist will determine whether recycling
is feasible for the business.
Recycling and collection service companies that encounter businesses
that are uncooperative or uninformed should report those businesses
to the Citys Recycling Office. City Recycling Specialists
will contact the business, clarify the requirements and offer